International Journal for Intersectional Feminist Studies, Volume 1, September 2015,
ISSN 2463-2945
International journal for intersectional feminist studies
The Journal of Project Monma Research Centre
Volume 1, September2015
ISSN 2463-2945
International Journal for Intersectional Feminist Studies, Volume 1, September 2015,
ISSN 2463-2945
In this issue
Editorial Collective Team 3
Editorial Collective Report
By Ambika Kohli 4
Lifestyle of Working Women in Modern Organizations: Implications on Health
By Aisha Bhatti & Dr. Rabia Ali 5
Leaders in the desert: The Sahrawi women of Western Sahara
By Johanna Higgs & Dr. Christine Ryan 29
Dealing with allegations of violence against women in a multicultural environment: Consideration of approach(es) and procedure(s) with regards to abuse allegations of women of an Asian, African and Middle Eastern origin in New Zealand.
By Sandra Iskander 40
Forced and Underage Marriages in New Zealand: Some Reflections on Public and Private Patriarchy and Intersectionality
By Ambika Kohli 58
Submission guidelines 71
International Journal for Intersectional Feminist Studies, Volume 1, September 2015,
ISSN 2463-2945
Editorial collective team
Macy Santo
Macy was born in the Philippines and grew up in Wellington city. She graduated from Canterbury University in 2013 and has since moved to Germany where she works as an English Professor at Bremen University and a freelance writer. Macy has always been interested in feminist issues, especially issues concerning women of colour.
Ambika Kohli
Ambika Kohli is currently doing her PhD from University of Canterbury, New Zealand. She did her graduation from Delhi University, India and her post-graduation from University of Basque Country, Spain. Her research interests are violence in society, violence against women, women in southern countries, reproductive agency, agency and structure, women’s empowerment within their socio-cultural settings.
Johanna Higgs
Johanna has a Masters degree in International Development and is currently working on her PhD in Anthropology about the child combatants of the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) in Colombia. She has travelled through many parts of the world including the Middle East, Africa, Latin America, North America, Asia, the Pacific Islands and Europe. She has a passion for women’s rights and founded the organization Project Monma which advocates for women’s rights around the world.
International Journal for Intersectional Feminist Studies, Volume 1, September 2015,
ISSN 2463-2945
Editorial collective report
It gives me immense pleasure to write the first editorial report on behalf of our editorial collective. International journal for intersectional feminist studies is a publication of Project Monma research centre, and is published with the aim of providing opportunity for young researchers, scholars and postgraduate students to publish their feminist work and share it with the world. The journal also provides the young scholars a chance to peer-review other researchers’ work. This prepares them for future challenges and introduces them to the world of publication.
For the first issue we received diverse submissions on various feminist issues which highlights the different challenges faced by women across the globe. The first article from Aisha Bhatti & Dr. Rabia Ali provides an interesting description of the lifestyle and health of professional Pakistani women. The article sheds light on how social transformation has increased the burden of both paid work and unpaid domestic work on these women which affects their health.
In “Leaders in the desert: The Sahrawi women of Western Sahara” Johanna Higgs & Dr. Christine Ryan discuss the experiences they had with Sahrawi women in refugee camps in Southern Algeria. Higgs and Ryan elucidate that Sahrawi women are empowered and the main challenges they face are coping with the hot weather, water scarcity and achieving independence rather than patriarchy.
Sandra Iskander, in her article on forced marriages in New Zealand focuses on the gaps in current New Zealand legislation. These gaps indicate the current legislation is not enough to provide protection to the female victims of forced marriages from African, Middle Eastern and African communities living in New Zealand.
In our last article, Ambika Kohli, discusses the New Zealand government’s reluctance to pass specific legislation on forced marriages. Kohli argues that this suggests that the current legislation is based on the ideology of public patriarchy that is mainly experienced of by European women in New Zealand. However, the multicultural fabric of the New Zealand society.
In closing I would like to thank all our contributors, our peer-reviewers, our editorial collective team, Sionainn Byrnes from UC Fem Soc (University of Canterbury Feminist Society), and UC Fem Soc. For any inquiries regarding the journal please contact
Ambika Kohli
Kind regards
Ambika Kohli
International Journal for Intersectional Feminist Studies, Volume 1, September 2015,
ISSN 2463-2945
Submission guidelines
The International journal for intersectional feminist studies is a peer-reviewed journal. The editorial collective invites submissions on feminist issue. We encourage young scholars, postgraduate and undergraduate students to contribute. However, you do not necessarily need to be a young researcher or student in order to make a submission. Submission guidelines are as follows:
Full Papers: 6000 – 8000 words.
Research Reports: 2500 – 3000 words.
Literature Reviews: 1000 – 2000 words.
Please ensure that your manuscript conforms to the following guidelines before submission:
1. Use Times New Roman font, 12 point font size, and 1.5 line spacing.
2. Use 14 point font size for headings
3. Submit your manuscript in MS word format.
4. Use endnotes and not footnotes.
5. First pages should include the name of the author or authors, author designations, affiliated institutes or research centres, and contact details (email address, phone number, and physical address if relevant).
6. Second pages should provide an abstract of no more than 250 words with listed keywords underneath (keywords are not included in the abstract word count).
7. Use page numbers, but do not include a header or footer with any identifying information.
8. A biography for all authors should be submitted separately.
9. Use in-text citation (not footnotes) and follow APA referencing.
10. Provide a properly formatted reference list at the end of your manuscript.
11. Use British and not American spelling (ise not ize).
12. Do not use sexist language (humankind not mankind).
13. Spell out numbers from zero to ten in full as well as any number that begins a sentence, thereafter use numerals.
14. Quotes of more than three lines should be single spaced and indented.
International Journal for Intersectional Feminist Studies, Volume 1, September 2015,
ISSN 2463-2945
15. Use the ellipsis (. . .) to show that something has been omitted from a quote. Ellipses must be used in incomplete quotes, but not to introduce quotes.
16. Use square brackets to enclose an interpolation in a quote e.g. [sic].
17. Use single quotation marks to emphasise or distinguish a term or idea from the main body of text. Quotes should use double quotation marks, but a quote within a quote should use single quotation marks.
18. Arrange your manuscript in the following way:
a. Title
b. Author Name(s), Designations, Affiliations, and Contact Details
c. Abstract (250 words) and Keywords
d. Introduction
e. Body of Text
f. Conclusion
g. Endnotes
h. Reference List
19. Please email your manuscript to: